Artillery and Weapons
Artillery Of The
River Raisin Battle
The British light 3~pounder had a 2.0 inch bore and fired a 3~ pound solid ball with a useful range of about a half mile. It could also fire canisters, which consisted of about 48 musket balls, which performed like a giant shotgun, but effective range was limited to 400 yards or less.
British artillery in the North America used a variety of winter sled arrangements. The exact type used here are not recorded. This 3~ pounder is mounted on a type of winter sled devised in 1796. The inventor was the well known British artillerist, Adye, who was stationed briefly in Detroit in the early 1790's and later tested this winter gun sled design in Quebec.
British artillery on the January 22nd 1813
consisted of six small cannons, mostly 3 ~ pounders, with some small
howitzers. The artillery pieces were first positioned about 400
yards north, just south of the Mason Run Creek. These were used to
good effect on the American Regulars in the the open ground on the
site. They did not seriously affect the Militia behind the puncheon
fencing surrounding the small settlement of Frenchtown (today known
as Monroe Michigan).
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